Migraines and other types of headache, such as tension headache and sinus headache, are painful and can rob you of quality of life. Migraine symptoms include a pounding headache, nausea, vomiting, and light sensitivity. Headache remedies include various types of pain relievers. Migraine treatments may also include antinausea drugs and medications to prevent or stop headaches.
Although the cause of migraine attacks is not fully understood, it is thought that widening of blood vessels in the brain causes the throbbing pain of migraine headaches.
Maxalt (Rizatriptan) relieves this pain by causing the blood vessels in the brain to narrow.
MAXALT is a medication of the triptan family used for the abortive treatment of migraine attacks in adults. It is a member of a class of drugs called selective 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonists. Maxalt is available as a traditional oral tablet.
Maxalt works by stimulating receptors called serotonin receptors that are found in the brain. A natural substance called serotonin normally acts on these receptors, causing blood vessels in the brain to narrow. Rizatriptan mimics this action of serotonin by directly stimulating the serotonin receptors in the brain. This narrows the blood vessels and so relieves the pain of migraine headaches.
The dose of rizatriptan should be taken as early as possible after the migraine headache has started, though it is also effective if taken at a later stage during the migraine attack. It should not be taken during the aura, or warning phase that can occur before a migraine headache, as the safety and effectiveness of the medicine have not been established during this period, and the medicine will not prevent the headache.
This medicine should preferably be taken on an empty stomach, because the presence of food in the stomach can delay the effect of the medicine.
If your first dose of rizatriptan does not work to relieve your migraine, it is fine to take a painkiller containing aspirin, paracetamol, or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen. This medicine must not be taken in combination with other 5HT agonists (triptans), eg sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, frovatriptan, naratriptan, eletriptan, almotriptan.